A Mexico City District court last week accepted requests by environmentalists to suspend implementation of a regulatory change that would allow up to 10% ethanol in automotive gasoline in Mexico. As Mexico Business Blog reported in July and August, Mexico’s Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE) published modifications to the country’s fuel quality standard, NOM-016-CRE-2016, in June permitting the increase in ethanol content. Environmental groups oppose the change arguing it will worsen air quality, and other groups with vested interests also raised objections. Last week’s granting of an injunction suspending the rule change for the moment reverts the NOM back to its previous language permitting up to 5.8% ethanol content, although ethanol-mixed gasoline is not currently sold in Mexican gas stations. In the wake of the latest injunction, both the CRE and its adversaries on the topic have a number of legal maneuvers open to them but local analysts are opining that the issue will remain tied up in the courts at least until next year.
Information collected from media reports over the last month:
- Candy: U.S.-based food processing giant Mondelez reported investment of US$133 million in its confectionery plant in the southeastern state of Puebla over the past three years. Resources helped expand production by 40% of chewing gum for brands such as Trident, Clorets and Bubbaloo. (El Financiero, August 31, 2017)
- Petroleum: Australian mining and oil multinational BHP Billiton plans investment of approximately US$700 million in Mexico oil exploration, principally in the Gulf of Mexico, the company reported. BHP Billiton won rights to explore Gulf oilfields in a Mexican government tender last year. (El Financiero, August 31, 2017)
- Industrial parks: A consortium of Chinese and Mexican investors including Holley Group, Futon Group and the Santos family began construction of an industrial park in the northeastern state of Nuevo León, local media reported. Investment of US$50 – 60 million is estimated for an initial phase of the facility, which investors project will attract up to 100 Chinese companies over the first 10 years of operation. (Expansión, August 25, 2017)
- Food processing: Mexican industrial baking giant Grupo Bimbo plans to construct a major new distribution center in Mexico City, the company reported. The US$128 million site is planned to be LEED Gold certified and make use of wind-generated electricity. (Aristegui Noticias, August 29, 2017)
- Gym equipment: Taiwanese-owned fitness equipment brand Matrix Fitness will invest US$3.5 million in a push to expand its participation in the Mexican market, the company reported. Matrix seeks to expand its market share from 5% to 30% by partnering with sports center chains such as Sport City and Smart Fit. (El Financiero, August 25, 2017) Continue reading Recent and upcoming investment in Mexico
Local media are reporting this week that multiple requests for injunctions have been filed before Mexican courts to suspend the changes to NOM-016-CRE-2016, which regulates gasoline quality in the country. As we posted last month, Mexico’s Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE) updated the NOM in June to allow up to 10% ethanol content (E10) in automotive gasoline, provoking high fives in the ethanol industry and rending of garments among environmental groups. Apparently the latest injunction request was filed by Gabriel Quadri – environmental consultant, erstwhile presidential candidate and ajonjolí de todos los moles medioambientales – who noted that other individuals and civil society organizations also have filed injunction requests (other sources cited the Mexican Center for Environmental Law (Cemda) and Consumer Power (EPC) as having filed prior injunction requests). Quadri’s legal filing demands specifically that national oil company Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) and other oil companies be prohibited from selling ethanol-blended fuel in the country, according to the reports in multiple media.
As per local custom, details on the whole affair are fuzzier than a baby hedgehog. The reports say a response from Mexico City’s Administrative Tribunal is expected next week, but we will not be holding our breath on that one. Nonetheless, considering that the CRE requested and received an exemption to the requirement of submitting a Regulatory Impact Statement (MIR) from the Federal Regulatory Improvement Commission (Cofemer) in order to increase the permitted ethanol content, one would think there could be grounds for granting the injunction. Quadri and other injunction-seekers are calling for a systematic process of scientific and technical analysis of the environmental and health impacts of E10 gas before any changes are approved to the NOM. We will continue to report on this topic as further information becomes available.